Etterkrigstid

2000, 200x230cm, KODE - Bergen Kunstmuseum

The monumental Postwar Period (2001) can arguably be rated as one of Marianne Bratteli’s major works. The title and motif reflect the artist’s own childhood in post-war Oslo, and one is tempted to envision the three girls as representing the young artist and her friends. It is the vulnerable and exposed individual that is depicted and displayed here. For although there are three of them, the young girls have no connection to each other and stand conspicuously isolated and separate from each other. The dominant existential and sombre tone depicted here is a repeated theme in Bratteli’s imagery. Often combined with a singular and droll humour, without being in the least obtrusive or pompous. The formal effects in Postwar Period are sparse, with a rough, hewn idiom and a meagre palette. There is nevertheless an enormous variation in values; in the span from total white to a deep grey there are nuances of green, blue and brown, and scattered accents of black. The bright yellow hair on one of the girls creates a sense of energy and can perhaps, together with the simple bouquet of flowers in the second girl’s hand, represent a hint of hope and belief in the future in an otherwise Spartan and spare existence.

OWG

Towards the Forest

Oil on canvas and textile, 200x230cm, KODE - Bergen Kunstmuseum

Marianne Bratteli (b. 1951) is a highly experimental artist who nevertheless is seldom interested in the constantly changing trends and hypes in the art world. She works in a number of mediums and techniques; painting, assemblage, graphic art and video. It is within painting and woodcut in particular that she has made a name for herself. In brief, one can say that her pictures are characterised by a rough and expressive idiom; spontaneous and playful in impact, often with simplified, stylised figures and forms. The raw and direct mode of expression must not be confused with a lack of formal discipline, however. As with her former teacher Ludvig Eikaas – whom she highly respected – Bratteli is a distinctly demanding artist who always emphasises the formal articulation of a picture. She is a definitive master of her medium. As for the content, her works range from the slyly humorous to a genuinely felt gravity. She is equally versed in poetic references and the magical universe of fairy tales; with the fox that scampers across the ice and the princess captured in the mountain by a troll, or unvarnished post-war traumas, where a little girl – perhaps the artist herself – remains standing in a bleak and disillusioned world.

Marianne Bratteli was born and grew up in Oslo, and as the daughter of Cabinet Minister, and later Prime Minister, Trygve Bratteli, she was given a glimpse of the darker sides of the world of adults sooner than most children. As she herself put it: “Through father’s experiences in German concentration camps, which was never explained to me in a way that a child could understand, I had an impression of the evil that we humans are capable of inflicting upon each other in certain situations – it was as though the smell of gunpowder and the screams of the tortured and dead people reached me all the way into the children’s nursery. So as a girl, I grew up more sombre and grave than my girlfriends.” Despite this sinister backdrop, Bratteli’s works – which are often related to childhood experiences and memories – also encompass a genuine and forthright belief in the forces of good in humanity and in art.

The atmosphere in Towards the Forest is enigmatic and ambiguous. Four slender tree trunks divide the picture plane into vertical segments. The colour scheme is based on values; nuances of grey and white. Both the title and the motif are reminiscent of Edvard Munch’s imagery, yet while his Towards the Forest (1897) and Summer Night. The Voice (1896) deal with the life of the human soul and man’s relationship to the surrounding nature, there are no people in Bratteli’s painting. Only the little flower in the foreground cautiously alludes to new life.

OWG